World’s oldest Bible (in book form)

[ It should be noted that the The Codex Sinaiticus is the oldest extant codex — i.e., book form, of the Bible (dating from the 4th century AD).  There are numerous mss, including the Dead Sea Scrolls, fragments from the Gospels, etc., that date back to the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. ]


World’s oldest Bible published in full online

The world’s oldest surviving Bible, which has been scattered around the globe for more than a century, has been published in full online.

By Chris Irvine

More than 800 surviving pages and fragments from the The Codex Sinaiticus, which was written in Greek on parchment leaves in the fourth century, have been reunited.

Last year The British Library put The Book of Psalms and St Mark’s Gospel online, and now the remaining pages have been made free for public use for the first time.

Along with the Codex Vaticanus, the Codex Sinaiticus is considered the oldest known Bible in the world. Originally more than 1,460 pages long and measuring 16in by 14in, it was written by a number of hands around the time of Constantine the Great.

It offers different versions of the Scriptures from later editions of the Bible, notably in St Mark’s Gospel which ends 12 verses before later versions, omitting the appearance of the resurrected Jesus Christ.

The reunification of the book is the culmination of a four-year collaboration between the British Library, Leipzig University Library in Germany, the Monastery of St Catherine in Mount Sinai, Egypt, and the National Library of Russia in St Petersburg, each of which hold different parts of the manuscript.

They hope that by bringing together the digitised pages online, the project will help scholars worldwide to research in depth the Greek text, which is fully transcribed and cross-referenced.

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